Author Archives: Louis Johnston

Which country has the lowest birth rate in the world?

According to the latest report by the United Nations Population Fund, South Korea has the lowest birth rate in the world. The document, which addresses the state of the World Population, was released this Wednesday, 14/04.

As the report – produced annually by the United Nations (UN) – points out, South Korea was among the last 198 countries. The fertility rate in the country is 1.1 per woman. The percentage in question is a reference to the average number of children a woman bears in her lifetime.

The report

According to the document, the fertility rate in South Korea had a drastic drop. In 2019, the country was ranked 192nd. To date, the fertility rate was 1.3. The birth rate in South Korea showed promise only in 2008, however, in subsequent years, it started to decline.

In recent years, the South Korean National Bureau of Statistics has even reported that the fertility rate has dropped to 0.918. Even with a drop in the birth rate, in terms of comparison between South Korea and other regions, the data collected by the UN varies slightly.

According to a report published by the UPI news portal, South Korea is fully aware of the downturn, but few policies have been effective in solving the problem.

According to the UN report, long working hours and/or lack of job opportunities in competitive South Korea are the main reasons for the birth rate to remain relatively low. The document also points out as another possible cause the drop in the number of marriages among South Koreans in their 20s, 30s and 40s.

Other possible reasons

On South Korean social networks, users revealed that the drop in the birth rate is mainly due to the disparity in house prices. For many, the current moment makes the possibility of getting married and starting a family inhospitable.

Amidst the situation, the share of the 65-year-old South Korean population showed a slight increase, from 15.8% in 2019 to 16.6% in 2020. “The aging of the population ends up giving a financial weight to the country”, informed Bloomberg, a private finance, software, data and media company, this Tuesday, 13/04.

Andreas Bauer, head of the International Monetary Fund of South Korea, revealed to the UPI news portal that the constant investments in the health sector and the availability of other costs represent a concern for the current government. According to Bauer, GDP, because of this, should rise to 69.7% by 2026.

According to the current government, the current economic situation in the country is manageable, but fiscal policy needs to continue to be analyzed.


Data presented by the Worldometers portal reveal that the current population of the Republic of Korea is 51,304.01, which is equivalent to 0.66% of the world population. The population density in the country is 527 per square kilometer, or 1,366 people per square kilometer. About 81.8% of the population is urban – 41,934,110 people. The average age in South Korea is 43.7 years and life expectancy is 83.50 years.

That’s how long the marijuana wave really lasts, according to science

The whole world has long debated whether cannabis or marijuana, as it is better known, should be legalized or not. And this is a subject that always divides opinions. As much as marijuana has been used for a long time as a medicinal herb, mainly as an analgesic, its use is banned in some countries. Since it is also used as a smoking instrument by many people.

If 50 different people are asked how long the marijuana effect lasts, they will likely get 50 different answers. This can be a problem when trying to find out how long a patient who uses marijuana for medical purposes can be debilitated.


However, a new meta-analysis survey of 80 articles allayed this doubt. It has been found that, depending on factors such as how cannabis is consumed and how strong it is, a person can be incapacitated for between three to 10 hours.

These findings can help inform patients, help recreational users make better decisions about tasks such as driving after smoking, and help improve laws to better reflect cannabis deficiency.

“THC can be detected in the body weeks after cannabis use, although it is clear that the deficiency lasts for a much shorter period of time. Our legal frameworks probably need to keep up with this and, as with alcohol, focus on the range where users pose the greatest risk to themselves and others. Prosecution based solely on the presence of THC in blood or saliva is manifestly unfair,” explained psychopharmacologist Ian McGregor of the University of Sydney (USYD) in Australia.

A meta-analysis is a review and analysis of the relevant scientific literature, crossing the results to reach a conclusion based on a broader range of methodologies and issues than can be achieved with a single study.


In this study, the research was led by USYD nutritionist Danielle McCartney. And they analyzed 80 studies on deficiency of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the intoxicating compound of cannabis.

The duration of this disability depended on three main factors. They were: how strong the dose of THC is, whether cannabis was inhaled or taken orally in the form of food, capsules or drops, and whether the person was an occasional or regular user.

“Our analysis indicates that the deficiency can last up to 10 hours if high doses of THC are taken orally. The most typical duration of deficiency, however, is four hours, when lower doses of THC are consumed through smoking or vaporization and simpler tasks are performed. This compromise can extend for up to six or seven hours if higher doses of THC are inhaled and complex tasks such as driving are evaluated,” said McCartney

People who use cannabis on a regular basis may develop tolerance and perform better on cognitive tasks than people who use it occasionally.

More reviews

Because of this, it is not easy to predict how much cannabis will harm a regular user, or for how long. As they can take higher doses to achieve the same level of intoxication as occasional users.

“We found that disability is much more predictable in occasional cannabis users than in regular cannabis users. Heavy users ​​show significant tolerance to the effects of cannabis on driving and cognitive function, although they typically exhibit some impairment,” explained behavioral pharmacologist Thomas Arkell.

So more research will need to be done at these time intervals with regular users to better characterize the effects of THC across the board.